Museo archeologico dell'Oman
Edifici per attività culturali e ricreative - Musei ed edifici per esposizioni
Michele De Lucchi
2012, settembre
non realizzato
non realizzato
Salut castle, Bisyah (Oman)
Diwan of the Royal Court, The office to advisor to His Majesty the Sultan for Cultural Affairs
c.a. 10.000 mq (di cui 5.000 mq di superficie espositiva)
Progetto: architetto Michele De Lucchi srl - Michele De Lucchi
Collaboratori: Nicholas Bewick (responsabile di progetto), Alessandro Ghiringhelli, Vittorio Romano, Federico Tria, Francesco Faccin (modello)

Modello: WahhWorks
Allestimento e arredi: Dr. Ulrich Hermanns GmbH

Concept per un museo archeologico

Salut è un sito archeologico dell’Oman, un paese pieno di antichi tesori. Reperti, rovine e fortificazioni, alcune delle quali risalgono a oltre 3.000 anni fa, offrono importanti testimonianze delle civiltà che si sono sviluppate nella penisola arabica durante le età del Bronzo e del Ferro. In questo panorama unico al mondo, passato e futuro si incontrano nel Museo Archeologico (OAM). Lo spazio espositivo, di oltre 5.000 mq, è organizzato per conservare ed esporre oggetti che raccontano la storia del paese, in combinazione a tecnologie di presentazione e narrazione interattive che rendono la visita un’esperienza emozionante. L’aspetto esteriore del museo, ispirato all’architettura tradizionale islamica con contaminazioni di forme naturali, vuole dialogare sia con cultura dell’Oman che con il paesaggio circostante. L’edificio è costruito in una cavità ipogea e per entrarci bisogna scendere di qualche gradino sotto terra, proprio come fanno gli archeologi che devono scavare negli strati di terreno per scoprire le cose. La pianta quadrata è costituita da una griglia di 25 forme trapezoidali dagli angoli arrotondati. Questa combinazione conferisce al museo senso di ordine, ma anche la flessibilità richiesta dalle esigenze espositive. Il tetto, a livello del suolo, ha un manto di copertura in sabbia e piante autoctone che rispetta l’eccezionalità del paesaggio. 
L’OAM è parte integrante di un parco archeologico, che abbraccia un’area di 121.000 mq. Per questo motivo, il progetto è completato da una cabinovia che parte dal museo, attraversa il deserto e raggiunge un punto di interesse panoramico attrezzato di cannocchiali con cui ammirare il paesaggio circostante. 
Il sito può essere raggiunto da una varietà di mezzi di trasporto personali o organizzati che, per non rovinare l’impatto emozionale del sito, confluiscono in un parcheggio sotterraneo.
Following the invitation of The Royal Diwan of Oman to conceive and develop a project for a new museum dedicated to the entire archaeological history of Oman we have outlined some key themes that are at the core of our project approach and design concept. Oman is an exciting and constantly evolving country, full of treasures and mysteries that is increasingly being un-earthed and explored to reveal its fascinating history and role within Arabic culture. Archaeology is the study of our past, that provides more than any other science new ways of understanding our forgotten ancestors and their ways of life. Therefore the guiding principal in conceiving our project for the OMAN ARCHAEOLOGY MUSEUM (or OAM) is the idea of presenting and communicating ‘Where past meets future’, creating a completely new expression and public awareness of the importance of archaeology by using all the new representational and research technologies at its disposal.Therefore the decision to establish a major representation of Oman’s ancient heritage at Salut Castle, is a reflection of its historical importance and an acknowledgement of the comprehensive archaeological field work undertaken A key part of the OAM concept is to create an extensive park that embraces and connects the main archaeological features and that can be reached by a variety of personal and guided mobility systems. Its infrastructure and the correct protection of all of these historical elements will be carefully designed to meet the UNESCO World Heritage Guidelines. The OAM project proposal could be developed, executed and inaugurated in November 2015 to co-inside with the celebrations of His Majesty Sultan Qaboo’s 75th birthday and as a highlight of the festivities and events planned for the city and region of Nizwa as it acts as the Capital of Islamic Culture in that period. The opening of OAM will be a perfect jewel of His Majesty’s commitment and intensive activities to develop the expression of the country’s national heritage, culture, education and tourism.The total costs of the museum, the exhibition and the archaeological park including the costs for planning construction and installation will amount to 49 mio OMR.  In recent years, that until now has not been appropriately presented to both the Omani population and the growing number of visitors to the country. To achieve and celebrate this goal the design of the OAM becomes one of Oman’s most innovative and sustainability driven architectural projects, making it the most important archaeological museum in the Arabic Peninsula. It has been designed to link ideas of traditional Islamic architecture with organic and natural forms so as to connect the building with Oman’s historical culture, the surrounding landscape and the ‘archaeological idea’ of discovering and excavating for things that are found in the ground. The museum has been designed to provide more than 5,000 sqm of exhibit space that can house an inspiring selection of objects, combined with the most advanced interactive presentation technologies to create vivid and emotional stories to give visitors an interactive and innovative experience into the understanding of Oman’s past. Oman is an exciting and constantly evolving country, full of treasures and mysteries that is increasingly being un-earthed and explored to reveal its fascinating history and role within Arabic culture.The museum is based on an idea of connecting some of the iconic ideas of Islamic architecture with the organic shapes that are found in the natural world and those of archaeological remains. The resulting pattern made from 25 ‘trapezoidal’ shapes that are rotated within a regular square planning grid. This gives the museum an important sense of order but also allows the softer and more human forms to be interpreted in accordance with the different internal activities and display needs. The internal spaces and passageways reflect the traditions of domed roofs that help ventilate the environment and bring controlled daylight into the spaces.
The concept for generating the museums plan is closely linked to the idea of building ‘into the ground’ so as to respect the surrounding landscape, and create for the visitors a unique architectural and archaeological experience.
The buildings construction, environmental comfort and energy sources have been conceived as an integrated design. It seeks to mix some traditional ideas of shade, natural ventilation and wind catchers in combination with some advanced construction products and energy systems. All of this will be developed to improve the performance of the building, providing visitors, the staff and the museum contents the best possible environment.

(Nicholas Bewick, 2012)
   
 
Museo archeologico dell'Oman, Diwan of the Royal Court, The office to advisor to His Majesty the Sultan for Cultural Affairs, Salut castle, Bisyah (Oman), 2012 - non realizzato
Bookshop
 
Museo archeologico dell'Oman, Diwan of the Royal Court, The office to advisor to His Majesty the Sultan for Cultural Affairs, Salut castle, Bisyah (Oman), 2012 - non realizzato
 
Museo archeologico dell'Oman, Diwan of the Royal Court, The office to advisor to His Majesty the Sultan for Cultural Affairs, Salut castle, Bisyah (Oman), 2012 - non realizzato
Entrata del museo
 
Museo archeologico dell'Oman, Diwan of the Royal Court, The office to advisor to His Majesty the Sultan for Cultural Affairs, Salut castle, Bisyah (Oman), 2012 - non realizzato
Esterno ispirato all’architettura islamica e a forme naturali
 
Museo archeologico dell'Oman, Diwan of the Royal Court, The office to advisor to His Majesty the Sultan for Cultural Affairs, Salut castle, Bisyah (Oman), 2012 - non realizzato
Foyer
 
Museo archeologico dell'Oman, Diwan of the Royal Court, The office to advisor to His Majesty the Sultan for Cultural Affairs, Salut castle, Bisyah (Oman), 2012 - non realizzato
 
Museo archeologico dell'Oman, Diwan of the Royal Court, The office to advisor to His Majesty the Sultan for Cultural Affairs, Salut castle, Bisyah (Oman), 2012 - non realizzato
Giardino esterno
 
Museo archeologico dell'Oman, Diwan of the Royal Court, The office to advisor to His Majesty the Sultan for Cultural Affairs, Salut castle, Bisyah (Oman), 2012 - non realizzato
 
Museo archeologico dell'Oman, Diwan of the Royal Court, The office to advisor to His Majesty the Sultan for Cultural Affairs, Salut castle, Bisyah (Oman), 2012 - non realizzato
Caffetteria
 
Museo archeologico dell'Oman, Diwan of the Royal Court, The office to advisor to His Majesty the Sultan for Cultural Affairs, Salut castle, Bisyah (Oman), 2012 - non realizzato
Punto panoramico raggiungibile dalla cabinovia
 
Museo archeologico dell'Oman, Diwan of the Royal Court, The office to advisor to His Majesty the Sultan for Cultural Affairs, Salut castle, Bisyah (Oman), 2012 - non realizzato
Michele De Lucchi, matita su lucido
 

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